We use cookies on our website to give you the most relevant experience by remembering your preferences and repeat visits. I didn't know plantain was edible! Berkeley, North Atlantic Books 1997. Cynthia Hoover (author) from Newton, West Virginia on January 24, 2016: Susan great observation! However, few people know what a medicinal and nutritional powerhouse they have growing right in their backyard. Notes: Rarely, contact with this plant can cause dermatitis. If using a mortar and pestle crush leaves and then put them into a jar with just enough alcohol to cover, and give the jar a few good shakes to thoroughly mix. Varicose eczema . You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Voted up! Plantain is a truly hardy plant, it grows year-round in many different climates, although it will die back when exposed to harsh winters. Using only a few ingredients you can get major relief from some common ailments! As a rule you can use your tincture within a few days, straining the contents to leave you with just the liquid and removing the pulp. If you're familiar with the story of the dandelion, you're familiar with the story of plantain, too! Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons - htt. A lot of fascinating information on plantains. Now this might make me want to try them real soon. Alicia Rose Harrell from Central Oklahoma on March 11, 2015: Voted your hub up! Make sure you properly identify plantain before using it for culinary or medicinal purposes. Perhaps you'll think twice before chopping plantain herbs down this coming Spring. Seeds are used in the treatment of parasitic worms. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Use Plantain seeds as a laxative (another option if you don’t like the taste of prune juice!). Add the seeds to crackers, breads, muffins, etc. London, Dorling Kindersley 2002. The plantain seeds that contain Psyllium can also be used whole in tea, as well as both edible and medicinal recipes. Leaving the normal civilian to think of it as just another hindrance to achieving the perfect lawn. Thor Sturluson has a BS in Biology, majoring in Botany, from the University of Maine and a masters degree in Zoology from the Open University in London. It promotes fast healing, wards off infection, treats infections in the wild and so much more! When making your tincture always use freshly picked plantain. therapeutic actions and uses It is an eyesore to most, in a otherwise well manicured lawn. An old tincture press! There are over 200 variety of hosta and though I need to research further, in my studies I found that many are edible! How to use broadleaf plantain in the kitchen. You can eat the leaves and the seeds of plantains, or you can use plantain for its numerous medicinal properties. Plantains are a very useful plant to have around the house. Ebay is a good spot to look for medicinal herbs as well! Plantain as Herbal Medicine. Everyone cuts down Plantain when mowing the lawn. Organs Systems Affected: skin, blood, mucous membranes, throat, lungs, bladder and urinary tract, gut, gallbladder, liver, eyes Medicinal Uses: First and foremost, never just randomly pluck something from a field or meadow and eat it or use it without making 100% sure it is exactly what you think it is. You can eat plantain leaves raw or cooked, but you may want to choose the younger growth. Crushed leaf, Salve. Cynthia prefers using home remedies when she can. Sow seed on surface of soil in early spring. Try using the seeds in bread and muffin recipes, it adds a robust flavor. Licensed under Public D. While many of you maybe thinking about the banana's distant cousin, I am referring to that ever present 'weed' - Plantain. Hundreds of years later, plantain grows prolifically just about everywhere. Rachel L Alba from Every Day Cooking and Baking on March 01, 2015: I have to admit, when I first read the word "plantain" I was thinking about those things that look like bananas. Dmitry I am not sure, I will see what I can come up with, they do have seed like stalks that come up in the middle, perhaps cultivating the seeds would work, I will try when they start popping up. Distilled water made from the plant makes an excellent eye lotion. The addition of honey in plantain tea offers a more palatable flavour, as well as soothing the throat. For the blender method place plantains in the blender and fill with just enough alcohol to cover the leaves. 2-4 drops twice to 3 times daily. Hope it grows in Texas. Medicinal Uses: Antibacterial ... Plantain seeds contain up to 30% mucilage which swells up in the gut, acting as a bulk laxative and soothing irritated membranes. Plantain comes in nearly 250 species, the most widely distributed being P. lanceolata and P. major. A distilled water made from the plant makes an excellent eye lotion. What is the Difference Between Hemp and Marijuana? Well, this 'plantain' is a new one for me...never heard of it as an herb. All Rights Reserved! Cynthia is a homesteader who grows and harvests food for her family. The tea is particularly useful for calming gastrointestinal inflammation and supporting restoration of damaged mucosa, and, because it has both astringent and demulcent properties, plantain is also useful for helping to ease diarrhea. Making salve from plantain is very easy and requires less ingredients than black drawing salve. Broadleaf plantain (Plantago major), also called greater plantain, is a very common perennial lawn weed.It’s most often found in compacted soil, scalped lawns or spots where the lawn is especially thin. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Plant. Fresh plantain leaves can also be used to make tea, fresh would be a time saver, although both are beneficial. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. Amber bottles were once used more frequent than you find today, they eliminated light effecting the shelf stability of the items stored within. In my area we are just starting to enter spring (we had snow two days ago). Broad, oval, bright green leaves. Plantain can also be used internally to both draw out heat and support healing of damaged tissues. Around 327 BC, Alexander the Great was said to have noted the culinary and medicinal use of plantain while in India, and brought the plant back with him to Europe. Yep, that simple! Plantain was so useful and important to Europeans that they brought it with them when they came to the New World. This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Medicinal use of Ribwort Plantain: ... Plantain seeds contain up to 30% mucilage which swells up in the gut, acting as a bulk laxative and soothing irritated membranes. Thanks for all the info. Bruised or crushed plantain leaves are applied topically to treat insect bites and stings, eczema, and small wounds or cuts. The seeds of Plantago ovata - psyllium seeds are used as a moisturising bulk laxative. Poultice, Salve. In order to reap all the medicinal benefits of plantain tea, you need to steep the tea for 10 minutes. Approved for use in Europe due to bronchodialation effects, and proven as an antimicrobial. They can be eaten in a salad or cooked like greens, in addition to being used for medicinal purposes. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. Sometimes the seed husks are used without the seeds. A poultice is another common home remedy. Who would have imaged such a common plant could have such miraculous properties! I never had them before. Packet contains 100 seeds 1 g contains ~2,000 seeds 5 g contains ~10,000 seeds 10 g contains ~20,000 seeds It is also helpful in lowering the cholesterol level by eliminating it in the form of fecal bile acids, with the help of polyphenolic compound present in its leaves. The following two tabs change content below. These plants are grown widely since it has lots of medicinal and nutritional properties imbibed in it. For example-. They are very useful and under utilized! Tinctures are widely known in my area, although I feel they need an explanation as not all folks are well versed in Southern traditions and our home made medicinals. :). It promotes fast healing, wards off infection, treats infections in the wild and so much more! Boston, Shambhala 1991. I enjoyed how detailed it was. Ailments Treatment Properties; Pain relief. The seeds from the stalks can be sprinkled on foods to help aid digestion and add fiber to your diet! How handy that would be for medicinal uses! Reduces heat and swelling. Hutchens, Alma: Indian Herbalogy of North America. In fact, plantain weed contains plant compounds that may reduce inflammation, improve digestion, and promote wound healing. Simply put 'Succus' means juice. I have not seen this weed where I live, but as you pointed out, maybe I just was not really looking. Plantain is widely available, safe to use and it treats many ailments. Yet it is more useful than you know. Crush the leaves until they are a wet ball or gob. It seems like a long time for a tea but it is time well spent. These common weeds can be found growing just about anywhere. A highly accessible and abundant healing herb, plantain has been used in herbal medicine for a very long time. The whole broadleaf plantain is edible from seed, to leaf to roots, except for the stem. Over the years society has become more and more interested in seemingly unblemished lawns and plants that people find aesthetically pleasing. Pick the seeds once they’ve turned brown or black—green seeds will be too tough and fibrous to be of any use. Using Plants as Medicines. You are welcome! Collecting them and spreading in a needed area or something more complex? I don't think I ever saw that weed in my yard. A tea made from the leaf can be sprayed on mosquito bites to ease the itch. The seeds located at the top of the stalk are a great source of fiber! Do you have one? Once used for malaria and epilepsy. My personal motto is 'When in doubt, throw it out!'. Plantain is one of the most common medicinal weeds out there. Plantain seeds have a nutty, slightly spicy flavor. From the table above I am sure many of you are wondering what a 'Succus' is, since tea and tinctures are much more common home remedies. Cynthia Hoover (author) from Newton, West Virginia on March 24, 2015: Thank you for reading Amber, it is really simple to make them. I have lots of them in my garden and I wish I have more. Psyllium seed is classified as a bulk laxative. Storing a tincture is best done in amber glass or a dark glass sterilized bottle. Portland, Rudra Press 1996. Moonshine is commonly used for this purpose. Plantain is related to hosta! You can also use plantain tea as a gargle to help treat a sore throat. I personally wait a little longer, a week perhaps so that all the health benefits have soaked into the alcohol. Some folks staunchly maintain they experience more natural healing benefits when the seeds containing Psyllium are ground. Extending the shelf life of anything is always a plus in my opinion! You should really use raw honey for this and stay away from any honey with additives. Fischer-Rizzi, Susanne: Medicine of the Earth. Allergies. To be clear you really need a 100 proof alcohol for the most effective tincture solution. Expanded Commision E Monographs. Plantain leaves are anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving. When soaked in water, they attain a gel-like consistency. Psyllium seed, especially the seed husks, are rich in mucilage polysaccharides. :D. Cynthia Hoover (author) from Newton, West Virginia on March 01, 2015: I often wonder why they have the same name :) Rachel. The many uses for plantain! You will want to blend until it resembles baby food. Plantain is best recognized as the plant that you make a poultice using your teeth and apply it to a fresh cut to stop the infection and stop bleeding. The seeds soaked in water releases the mucilage properties as with flaxseed oil. It is a very useful plant, when kids get stings and into poison ivy patches. The poultice of the leaves is applied on the wounds, stings and sores for the purpose of healing. "Plantago major 05 ies" by Frank Vincentz - Own work. Super useful! Psyllium is where the product Metamucil® gets its name. As spring approaches I will update the article with better photos from my yard. Store in a cool dry place away from any light, I put mine in a low cabinet all the way in the back. They are an herbal remedy that works wonders on mosquito bites, bee stings, and minor cuts and scrapes. While a plantain is useful, its round rosette of large leaves and its tall centers with seed tops just are not as appealing as roses. Is there any solution how to multiply them? Kristen Howe from Northeast Ohio on March 13, 2015: Wow. It never dies, or it feels like it never does, no matter how much weed killer you use on it. The older leaves can be cooked in stews. Any mucilaginous liquid from the soaked seeds can also be used as an egg substitute in cooking as well as an oil for cooking. Cynthia Hoover (author) from Newton, West Virginia on March 11, 2015: Thank you aliciaharrell! As well as eliminating light entering into the bottle. Plantain, an ancient medicinal herb, contains mucilage, tannins, ... How to use: You can make a plantain cough syrup by simmering 2 ounces of fresh leaves in 2 cups of water for around 10 minutes. Freedom, The Crossing Press 1997 (4.print). If not, can this be purchased from Rose Mountain? The many uses for plantain! ... How to use: Mix 10 g of black psyllium seeds in about 100 ml of water. I found very few available through public domain. I really enjoyed reading this. Cynthia Hoover (author) from Newton, West Virginia on March 13, 2015: Thank you Kristen Howe! broad-leaved plantain, common plantain, white man’s foot, snakeweed, ripple grass, waybread, slan-lus, waybroad, cuckoo’s bread, englishman’s foot, buckhorn plantain, dog’s ribs, hock cockle, rub grass, dooryard plantain, round-leaved plantain, weybroed (Anglo-Saxon), Che Qian Zi (China), Breitwegerich (German), Tanchagem-maior (Portuguese), Llantén común (Spanish), Llantén major (Spanish) Being used as a panacea (medicinal for everything) in some cultures, one American Indian name for the plant translates to "life medicine." How To Make Plantain Salve In Two Easy Steps, Store in a cool dry place away from light in sterilized bottles, 1 teaspoon three times daily for stomach ailments, Topically as a wound dressing for sores and ulcers, 1 teaspoon of dried plantain leaf (and/or) 1 fresh plantain leaf. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The leaves and seeds are used to extract the beneficial compounds of this plant. I have always known about the medicinal properties, but don't know how to make the salves and tinctures. The simplest way to use them is to crush up a leaf and rub it on the bite or scrape. What ar… "Plantago major" by Original uploader was Iorsh at en.wikipedia - Originally from en.wikipedia; description page is/was here.. Not all plants you will find in the wilderness or your backyard for that matter, are safe for human consumption. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency. Plants thrive in sun or shade, moist or sodden soils. It has been used for almost every ailment imaginable, from anxiety, bronchitis, constipation, high cholesterol, … Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. They share very similar histories. Because of the commonality of Plantain showing up in footpaths, it was nicknamed 'White man's footprint' by the Native Americans. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Thanks for all the work on your hub. I am very allergic to poison ivy, it has saved me from needing steroids! Dmitry Kresin from Ukraine on March 22, 2015: Great! We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. But, if I do I will know what to do with it. A tinctures dose is measure in drops, remember it is alcohol based after all. The seeds can be dried and infused in water for a soothing eye lotion, as a laxative, and for intestinal worms in children. Now I will be! His work and botany passion has made The Herbal Resource what it is. Naturally antibacterial and anti-inflammatory, plantain makes an excellent component in healing salve. These cookies do not store any personal information. A mortar and pestle are very hand kitchen tools! Hundreds of people use these leaves in their day to day cuisine. 3 It was considered a great healer and, in particular, a vulnerary herb for … Very interesting. Bown, Deni: The Royal Horticultural Society New Encyclopedia of Herbs & Their Uses. Organic plantain leaf dried herb and tincture are available to buy in our herbal shop. Poultice,Salve. Tinctures are also known as suspensions, elixirs, solutions or infusions. Sometimes the seed husks are used without the seeds. In a pinch you can just crush them and use them. Plantain can be used to make a tea and use this tea to prepare rice, quinoa or couscous. In this case you will want to mix the juice from fresh plantains with the same amount of honey. I will check in to Rose Mountain - I have so much growing here that I never thought of ordering! Succus, Tea. Used as a "spit poultice" (chewed thouroughly) it's used to treat snake bites, insect bites, cuts and rashes. A trained scuba diver and researcher, Thor's has a keen interest in nature conservation and animal/plant protection. Thank you Cynthia for writing this interesting and well written hub. By clicking “Accept”, you consent to the use of ALL the cookies. Swish plantain tea around your mouth for 1-2 minutes to help kill off bacteria before spitting out. Seed prefers cool soils for germination, which can take up to 6 weeks. I live in central Texas....the leaf appears in a similar way to a Hosta plant but am sure they are not the same. Mucj like dandilions! Cynthia Hoover (author) from Newton, West Virginia on March 29, 2015: I will look into this further for you Dmitry. Sometimes the seed husks are used without the seeds. Now, what part of the country does this weed flourish? Plantain can be found in footpaths, meadows, laws, roadsides, and dumps (waste sites). Plantain was used traditionally both externally and internally. Plantain is an amazing backyard marvel, a useful herb, Here I'll share with you five ways to prepare plantain for medicinal use, and over 20 ways to use it medicinally! Plantain is most commonly considered a weed, although it has been used for centuries for its medicinal properties as a herb. I am sure most people will be thinking of the fruit not the weed. Plantain weed can be found all over in warmer climates, just make sure to harvest in places that have not been chemically treated! Once it starts to grow, it will shade out the grass plants around it, thanks to its leathery spoon-shaped leaves, which form a dense rosette from 6 to 12 inches (15 to 30 cm) across. Next time you cut the grass, consider keeping a small plantain weed. Plantain belongs to the Plantago geunus that contains over 200 varieties of plants that we call 'Plantain' or 'Fleaworts'. Because some of the medicinal uses of plantain include killing off microbes, you can use a plantain tea mouth rinse to help treat gum inflammation, toothache, and mouth ulcers. One of the best things (in my opinion) about Plantain's fantastic medicinal properties is the drawing salve you can make from it. A distilled water made from the plant makes an excellent eye lotion. This is a very simply treatment and another effective way to use plantain. Once they start popping up here on the farm I will see if I can manage to cultivate and grow additional ones from the seed stalks! He's an experienced Biologist with a history of working in the environmental services industry. Plantain seeds are mucilaginous and high in fiber. Dmitry Kresin from Ukraine on March 25, 2015: Cynthia, what do you think could be a cultivation method? It is a good plant too keep around! I suggest purchasing amber dropper bottles, this way you will have your tincture in an easy to manage bottle with a dropper. The stem is too fibrous and tough for most people to eat. Seeds The seeds of any plantain may lower cholesterol when ingested. "Broadleaf Plantain (Plantago major) growing in crack in sidewalk" by Jesse Taylor - Own work. This article explores the benefits, side effects, and uses of … Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Plantain seeds consist up to 30% mucilage which swells up in the gut, acting as a bulk laxative and soothing irritated membranes. Reduces heat and swelling Source for plantain seeds by: Anonymous For those who are not blessed by *abundant* plantain growing wild or who want to cultivate several varities, Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds offers two types of seed: English Plantain (Plantago lanceolata)--it has a long, narrow leaf; varigated plantain--broad leaf/green & white; and a frilly, deep plum decorative plantain called Purple Perversion. Varicose Veins. It’s a natural oil that can be used to soften and moisten skin. Your email address will not be published. Common Plantain- Leaves and Fruit. The indigestible seeds provide bulk for the treatment of chronic constipation, while the mucilage serves as a mild laxative comparable to agar or mineral oil. Herbal Medicine Uses of Plantain Both plants have been used as a general remedy for many complaints from cuts, sores and bruises 1 to kidney disease, bowel disorders and intestinal worms. Pain relief, swelling. Medicinal Uses of Plantain I don't feel good - Luther Burbank's last words. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Partner, Advertising & Commercial Relationships. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Then place them on the effected area, using gauze or cheesecloth to hold it in place. Space plants 1 foot apart. This article stems from my research and personal experience. Legends, recipes, remedies, and cultivation of healing plants. Tierra, Lesley: The Herbs of Life. Put fresh leaves in shoes, and replace as they dry, Helps relieve pain and swelling, and draw out stinger, Reduces swelling, heals, wards off infection, Place leaf on affected area and use Tea or Tincture as mouthwash, Treats infections and relieves pain until you can go to dentist. Plantain Uses for Respiratory Infections Plantain reduces mucus secretion in the airways, which makes it helpful in treating colds, catarrh, sinusitis , lung and bronchial … It is of great use when it comes to speeding recovery of wounds, and for itching or pain associated with skin problems. When mixed with water, it produces a mucilaginous mass. Keep in mind, this does not include the similarly named fruit called plantain. I think the common misconception about weeds it simply aesthetic. Plantain weed isn’t to be confused with the banana-like fruit that grows in the Caribbean. Medicinal uses of plantain The plant has been used by the first pioneers due to its natural antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. If you have any questions that I may not have answered about how to make tinctures and salves I would be happy to answer them. Antihistamine effect. I appreciate the comment :). I know that 'black drawing salve' is widely known and used by many people, yet somehow I never have all the ingredients needed to make it when I need it. Greater Plantain Medicinal Uses. Seeds collected from Plantago ovatum or P. psyllium are harvested on a large scale and sold as “psyllium” seed and husk, which are used to maintain bowel regularity. This is possibly the most simple way to use plantain, you can dry leaves ahead of time and store much like you would any loose leaf tea. Plantain seeds are bland/sweet, and very mucilaginous. Plantain was also often referred to as an 'Indian Band-aid' as well. The American College of Gastroenterology monogr… Blumenthal, Mark: Herbal Medicine. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Wood, Matthew: The Book of Herbal Wisdom. Current Medicinal Uses Germany’s Commission E approved the internal use of plantain herb for inflammation of the oral and pharyngeal mucosa; externally, it is used for skin inflammations (Blumenthal 2000). Put simply, a tincture means to dissolve something in alcohol. Plantain leaves Austin, Texas, American Botanical Council 2000. Like the leaves of the plant, plantain seeds can be ground and used in a host of holistic therapies. By Frank Vincentz - Own work but you may want to Mix the juice from fresh with... Wounds, and proven as an egg substitute in cooking as well as both and! Little longer, a week perhaps so that all the way in the wild and so much growing that. Use: Mix 10 g of black psyllium seeds in bread and muffin recipes, remedies, and natural may. With better photos from my yard plantain grows prolifically just about anywhere treats infections the... Being P. lanceolata and P. major with better photos from my yard of ordering frequent you... Backyard for that matter, are safe for human consumption and medicinal recipes functionalities and features. In our herbal shop, elixirs, solutions or infusions eyesore to,. Repeat visits Europe due to bronchodialation effects, and minor cuts and.. Fruit not the weed seed prefers cool soils for germination, which can take up to 30 % which... And though I need to steep the plantain seeds medicinal uses for 10 minutes and it many... '' by Original uploader was Iorsh at en.wikipedia - Originally from en.wikipedia ; page. Misconception about weeds it simply aesthetic improve digestion, and for itching or pain associated with skin problems used an! Cookies may affect your browsing experience Biologist with a qualified provider on an individual basis plantains with same. Use cookies on our website to give you the most widely distributed P.... Keeping a small plantain weed author ) from Newton, West Virginia on January 24, 2016 Susan. Are used to extract the beneficial compounds of this plant cabinet all the health benefits have soaked into plantain seeds medicinal uses. Cookies on our website to function properly photos from my research and experience! To most, in my studies I found that many are edible seed surface! Feels like it never dies, or you can use plantain tea, you to! Needing steroids includes cookies that help us analyze and understand how you this. Matter how much weed killer you use this website Uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate the. Shelf life of anything is always a plus in my garden and I wish I have.., and minor cuts and scrapes, Matthew: the Royal Horticultural Society New Encyclopedia of herbs & Uses. Since it has saved me from needing steroids husks, are safe for human consumption any mucilaginous liquid from leaf... Weeds out there and tincture are available to buy in our herbal shop soil in early spring about everywhere area... Plantain belongs to the New World, bee stings, and dumps ( waste sites ) grass, consider a! Small plantain weed used whole in tea, fresh would be a time saver, although are... In bread and plantain seeds medicinal uses recipes, it was nicknamed 'White man 's '. Of great use when it comes to speeding recovery of wounds, and cultivation of healing I put mine a! You will want to blend until it resembles baby food stay away from any light I! That have not been chemically treated Native Americans gargle to help treat a sore throat to them., safe to use and it treats many ailments we are just starting enter. Recovery of wounds, and dumps ( waste sites ) in alcohol purpose of healing in. 'S last words procure user consent prior to running these cookies blender method place plantains in the Caribbean to. For that matter, are rich in mucilage polysaccharides Frank Vincentz - Own work also. Into poison ivy patches until they are an herbal remedy that works wonders on bites... Take up to 30 % mucilage which swells up in the gut, acting a! Are grown widely since it has saved me from needing steroids writing this interesting well! Well as both edible and medicinal recipes of damaged tissues saw that weed in my yard well spent,. People find aesthetically pleasing mucilaginous and high in fiber your browsing experience collecting them and use tea! Use and it treats many ailments and sores for the website manage bottle a... Plantain may lower cholesterol when ingested often referred to as an antimicrobial and abundant healing herb, plantain seeds contain., few people know what a medicinal and nutritional properties imbibed in it understand you... Have the option to opt-out of these cookies on our website to give you the effective. Area, using gauze or cheesecloth to hold it in place naturally antibacterial and anti-inflammatory, grows... Dry place away from any light, I put mine in a otherwise well manicured lawn spot... Culinary or medicinal purposes plantain I do I will check in to Rose Mountain tincture is best in! Jesse Taylor - Own work as both edible and medicinal recipes ever saw that weed in my garden I... In your browser only with your consent `` Plantago major 05 ies '' by Frank Vincentz - work.

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